对外贸易区

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加尔维斯顿 County has three foreign trade zones. For more information on property located in these zones please contact the 加尔维斯顿 County Economic Development Department at 409-766-2541 or 丹麦人.carlson@co.加尔维斯顿.tx.us

The Benefit of Locating in a 加尔维斯顿 County Foreign Trade Zone

对外贸易区 allow companies to bring items onto US soil without paying a duty tax, allow them to store these goods free of tariff charges, to use parts to manufacture a finished product that can then be re-exported without US import/export surcharges.

外贸区域, (保税区), 是安全的, designated locations in the United States in or near a US Customs Port of Entry, where foreign and domestic merchandise is considered to be located internationally and outside the territorial jurisidction of US Customs. 换句话说, a place inside the United States where commercial merchandiser receives the same Customs treatment it would if it were outside located outside the commerce of the United States. Businesses in an FTZ can reduce or eliminate duty on imports and take advantage of other benefits to encourage foreign commerce within the United States.

Merchandise can be imported into an FTZ without first going through formal US Customs entry procedures or paying import duties. Customs duties and excise taxes are due only at the time the merchandise is transferred from the FTZ to the US for sale or consumption. If the merchandise never enters the US, 而是重新出口, no duties or taxes are due on those items.

Whether you are a large manufacturer, or just an individual sole proprietor, any size importer or exporter can take advantage of the financial advantages of locating in a foreign-trade zone. Locating in a FTZ can reduce costs from custom duties, 税收和关税, improve global market competitiveness, minimize bureaucratic headaches.

利用自由贸易区的好处:

  • Duty exemption/relief from inverted tariffs – When a component item is subject to a higher duty rate than a finished product
  • 再出口免税 – Exemption on products that enter a zone and are then re-exported
  • Duty elimination on waste, scrap, damaged and yield loss – Only merchandise that leaves the zone and enters into the US commercial system is dutiable
  • 责任延期 – No duty payment is required on merchandise brought into a zone until the goods leave and enters the US for commerce
  • 区域到区域传输 – A vendor located in one FTZ can sell goods to another company in another zone and transfer those goods without payment of duty
  • Direct delivery of goods from Port of Entry – Ability to receive goods faster thru Direct Delivery to FTZ
  • 从价税减免 – The FTZ program allows companies to obtain exemptions from inventory taxes while merchandise is located inside the FTZ
  • Weekly Entry Savings on Merchandise Processing Fee – Every formal customs entry has a processing fee of $25 to $485 depending on the value of the merchandise. An FTZ can utilize the Weekly Entry Procedure where all entries are combined on a single form for single weekly payment (this can add up to millions in cost savings).

历史

Foreign trade zones were created by Congress in 1934 in the 外贸区域 Act of 1934, continues to be a vital resource for trade in the United States. In 1980, Congress again amended the act so that products manufactured in the zones would not be assessed on US value-added. This ensured that the only tariffs a producer inside the zone selling to U.S. customers would pay, would be on the raw materials imported into the zone.

在美国以外, other countries have followed America’s lead and created their own versions of FTZs. These are called free, foreign or export processing zones.